- Survey of the Uralic Languages - Google книги
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- Survey of the Uralic languages,
- List of Uralic languages
Valvoja-Aika, Eesti kirjandus, As examples suitable for linguistic textual analysis, T. Uotila quotes a few poems of I. Kuratov and Ilya Vas V. Revue des Etudes Hongroises et Finnoougriennes. The reception of Finnish Literature in Hungary. Hungarian Literature in Finnish Language. Publicationes Instituti Hungarici Universitatis Helsingiensis 2. The Reception of Hungarian literature in Estonia. Bibliography of the literature of the Finno-Ugrian peoples. The history of European Literature. The History of World Literature.
Although Antal Szerb mentions the Kalevala and says a few words about the folklore of the Ob-Ugrians: this brief and slightly ironic review cannot in any way be considered a definitive evaluation of Uralic literatures. Irodalmi Lexikon. Encyclopedia of Literature. Budapest, , ed. Encyclopedia of World Literature. Budapest, — Domokos, P. Unfortunately, the lecture was left omitted out. Tallinn Moreau J. Midday and midnight. The folk poetry of our Finno-Ugrian relatives. Bear song.
Little mirror of the literature of the Eastern Finno-Ugrian peoples.
The History of Udmurt literature. Coates: Aspects of Komi Literature. Cambridge, Etudes Finno-Ougriennes. Quaderni italo-ungheresi. We cannot even come close to making a complete list of the works worthy of mention. Therefore, we will mention only the most important and most current literary historical works, and basic anthologies —according to the people. The entire 6th volume is a bibliography, the most comprehensive compendium of the literatures of the Soviet nationalities. From the Traces of Ancient Hungarian Poetry. Studies on ancient and modern poetry, Budapest, The beliefs of Pagan Hungarians.
Archeology and anthropology, 3. Finno-Ugrian Folkpoetry and Literature in Hungary.
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- Uralic languages.
- Survey of the Uralic Languages.
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Keelja kirjandus, For further information see note Unfortunately, the reciprocal bibliographies have not been completed. For example, bibliographical data concerning translations of Hungarian, Finnish and Estonian literature into smaller Uralic languages are missing. An example of this is the Udmurt epic of Mihail Hudjakov to which reference is often made but has not been published yet.
On the Udmurt Epic.
Survey of the Uralic Languages - Google книги
Tarkiainen — Eino Kauppinen: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden historia. For example, the Mansi Andrei Tarhanov, and the Nenets Aleksei Pichkov write in Russian, yet literary history considers them manysi of nyenyec poets. Paul Ariste: Vadjalaste laule. Vepsanien Grammar. Leningrad, On a few theoretical questions concerning the comparative literary historiography of Eastern Europe.
On Our Neighbours. Austro-Hungarian literary and cultural relations. Helikon, Estonian literature. Historical survey with bibliographical appendix.
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The more recent Estonian literary histories see note 93 include even emigrant Estonian writers in the history of literature. Their best works are published again and again. Kaarina Kotiranta: Amerikansuomalaisen kirjallisuuden yhteisluettelo. The Bibliography of the American Finns.
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On Hungarian Literature in the West. See note Nyugati magyar irodalom. Hungarian Literature in the West. Amsterdam, A linguistic record of the vogul language dating from Lapp Literary Anthology. See the literary column entitled Nuorttanaste of the Norwegian Lapp Newspaper.
Survey of the Uralic languages,
Kettunen, Lauri: Suomen heimon kirja. The book of the Finnish Homeland. Porvoo, Livonian Texts. The National Consciousness of the Livonian. Kalevalaseuran Vuosikirja. Personalised recommendations. Cite article How to cite? Thus arose the hypotheses of the relatedness of Indo-European and Finno-Ugric, and, especially, that of Altaic and Finno-Ugric languages.
The greatest, actually insurmountable obstacle to the former lies in the typological differences between the two language families in their phonologies and especially in their morphologies: it would require considerable effort to find a common denominator for the basically agglutinative morphology of the Uralic languages and the inflectional morphology of the Indo-European languages.
List of Uralic languages
This, however, does not mean that comparative typological research on Altaic vs. Finno-Ugric languages would be pointless or unimportant. A further possibility of relatedness lies with Yukaghir, an isolate spoken in north-eastern Siberia and grouped together areally with other Paleo-Siberian languages.
The greatest problem in connection with hypothesizing genetic relatedness with Yukaghir is that the time-depth involved would be greater than what the comparative method or the diffusionist model would be able to handle — a problem which, in fact, arises in the case of relating Indo-European and Finno-Ugric as well. As we will see below section 3. The distinctive features. Typologically, Uralic languages are typically agglutinative languages. Even though as a result of historical changes the agglutinative characteristics of some Uralic languages have become less pronounced, most Uralic languages, to varying degrees, preserve the most prominent features of agglutination, that is, they typically use affixes to express morphological and morphosyntactic relationships.
Phonetics, phonology. As far as their phonological characteristics are concerned, most Uralic languages have a great number of consonants and a relatively small number of vowels. The absolute numbers of each differ in every language and often in different dialects of the same language as well.
As far as the quality is concerned, consonants are typically characterised by the opposition of voiced vs. In manner of articulation of consonants, Uralic consonant systems all contain, within obstruents, a series of stops e. There are Uralic languages which lack affricates: for instance, Finnish has only one sibilant, s. In every Uralic language, sonorants include nasals e.
Differences between Uralic languages exist in what elements each subclass of consonants contains as well as in the place of articulation of consonants. As far as the latter are concerned, Uralic languages typically have labial, dental, alveolar, palatal and velar consonants, and glottals in the Samoyedic branch.
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